DIRECT – INDIRECT SPEECH

  DIRECT – INDIRECT SPEECH (REPORTED SPEECH)

Indirect speech/ Reported speech is used if we want to retell one’s opinion or someone’s talk to another person . It is usually started with introducing verbs such as : Say, Tell, Answer, Inform, Explain, Add, Order, and Command.

There are three kinds of Reported Speech

1.      STATEMENT

Direct speech ————————–> Indirect speech

Present tense ————————–> present tense

Example :

I am very happy now      changes into     She said that she is happy

Direct speech ————————–> Indirect speech

Present tense ————————–> past tense

Example :

I am very happy              changes into     She said that she was very happy

Direct Speech———————–> indirect speech

Past Tense ————————-> Past Perfect Tense

Example

I was very busy yesterday    changes into  She said that she had been busy the day before

2.      IMPERATIVE/ COMMAND

a.       Positive Command

Example :

“ Come in, please”, Jeny asked

Indirect—— >  Tom asked her to come in

b.      Negative Command

Example :

“Don’t touch it !”

Indirect ——- > Nita told me not to touch it

3.      QUESTION

a.      Yes/ no question

Yes/ no are questions that are started with auxiliary verbs; the reported speech is started with IF or WHETHER

Example :

“Are you busy?”

Indirect ———— > She asked me whether I was busy that day

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